What Is Piling

Written by Harry Lee Under Piling

Piling is a type of ground treatment which is driving a pile into the ground below ground level. Except sheet pile, other piles like concrete pile, timber pile, steel pile, bored pile are used to transfer the building load to the ground. It’s used to strengthen the soil so that the ground able to support the load of the building. While sheet pile is usually used to support lateral load and act as a supporting wall.

There is a lot of different types of piles in the market, many other type of piles have been occurred in the market and still increasing due to improvement of piling technology. Driving method, type of piling machine, procedure of piling are all take into consideration in choosing type of pile.

Concrete Piles

Length Of Pile

Normally the length of the pile can be 3metres, 6metres, 9metres and 12metres. The depth of piling to be driven into the ground is depending on the condition of ground. If a length of 3m, 6m, 9m, or 12m pile is not enough to support the load of building, another 3m, 6m, 9m, or 12m pile will be joint to the first pile and continuously until it’s strong enough to support the load of building. Or so, the first pile or we called it as “starter pile” will be driving in until it can’t be driven in anymore.

Precast And Cast-In-Situ Pile

Pile can be done in precast concrete pile or cast-in-situ concrete pile. Normally precast concrete pile is used for building work or we can known it as spun pile or RC square pile (Reinforcement concrete square pile). While cast-in-situ concrete pile is used for bridge work or we can known it as bored pile because bridge work has a larger load compare to building work.

Nowadays, piling work is an important ground supporter and is a must to be used on construction unless the condition of soil is hard and strong enough to support the load of building.

  • […] Piling is used to strengthen the soil on ground and able to support the load of building. Piles have to be driving into the ground by using piling machine, there is few different types of piling machine in the market and all of them have different usage. The usage of types of piling machine is depending on the type of piles used, different types of piling machine may affect the procedure of pile driving too. Location of site affect the usage of type of piling machine too, because some of the piling machines make noisy voice and it may affect the nearby resident. […]

  • […] pile is one of type of piling, one of the difference between normal pile and sheet pile is sheet pile used as temporary while […]

  • […] Pile can be done in precast or cast-in-situ, cash-in-situ pile which is casted on the site, while precast pile is casted in the factory and deliver to construction site. This article will be teaching you how to handle and store the precast pile after it has been casted in the factory. Basically this article is writing about handling and storing hollow section pile such as Super Strength Pile (SS Pile). It has several steps need to be followed. […]

  • […] pile is another type of reinforced concrete pile which is used to support high building which has heavy vertical load. Bored pile is a cast-in-place […]

  • […] is another type of pile which is act as a supporting structure to transfer the load from the building to the ground. As the […]

  • […] piles is another type of piling, it’s also known as Pretensioned Spun High Strength Concrete Piles (ICP PHC Piles) which […]

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    7 Trackbacks

    1. Procedure Of How To Drive A Pile | Piling | Pile Driving | Piling Construction
      March 9, 2009 12:30 PM
    2. Type Of Piling Machines | Piling | Pile Driving | Piling Construction
      March 10, 2009 8:35 AM
    3. What Is Sheet Pile | Piling | Pile Driving | Piling Construction
      March 11, 2009 8:21 PM
    4. How To Handle And Store Pile | Piling | Pile Driving | Piling Construction
      March 18, 2009 9:06 PM
    5. What Is Bored Piles | Piling | Pile Driving | Piling Construction
      March 30, 2009 10:06 PM
    6. What Is Micropile | Piling | Pile Driving | Piling Construction
      May 8, 2009 2:51 PM
    7. What Is ICP Piles | Piling | Pile Driving | Piling Construction
      June 2, 2009 8:55 PM

    10 Comments Add yours

    1. d.chakraborty
      December 20, 2009
      1:28 pm #comment-1


      Pls. inform me about different types of piling machine with brief description and diagrams with load calculation.

    2. sakinah
      January 15, 2010
      1:07 pm #comment-2

      dear sir,
      plez give me a long explanation of definition of piling in construction..
      please helping me to discover more about this topic..

    3. sakinah
      January 15, 2010
      2:02 pm #comment-3

      and such more knowledge about types of piles…which are concrete,timber and steel..
      pls inform..
      to i get a such detail information about thats..

    4. rajesh
      October 10, 2010
      8:27 am #comment-4

      detailed about cast-in-situ pile

    5. sohail
      August 29, 2011
      12:27 pm #comment-5

      i have piles patient please send me treatment thank, any one

    6. tahir irfan
      December 10, 2011
      1:19 am #comment-6

      i m a rig operater bt not having pile experience ,i have water well drilling experience . may i be a pile driver?

    7. deekay
      March 29, 2012
      4:18 am #comment-7

      pls i need a comprehensive details about type of pile commonly used in nigeria RC,steel and timber with a clear diagrams of both precast and cast-in-situ

    8. pankaj paliwal
      May 11, 2012
      2:20 pm #comment-8

      Dear Sir,
      May you please send me the details of bored piles with the details of rebarcage and concreting process with the technical specifications and details.
      It will be my pleasure.


    9. NULE
      May 15, 2012
      2:06 am #comment-9

      how is concrete pile joint after precast, when do we use various types of pile for structural work

    10. R. Vinodkumar
      August 16, 2012
      9:24 pm #comment-10

      We have to do sand piling in 15 cm diameter in 1.5 meter depth after earth excavation of 1.8 meter.
      First we tried auger piling we were not successful since there is no clay in the soil, it is tilt sand. the n value is 8-10. We tried immersing GI pipe of 15 diameter, there also we cant remove the soil, the soil get collapsed since the water level is below 30 cms from ground level.

      Please let me know any other method to do this.

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